African American Linguists (AAL)

Promoting World Languages in the African-American Community


AAL is making the transition from an organization to a network and we’re using facebook as our members’ forum. Please find and like us at and tell your friends who might share in our mission to do the same. Also feel free to post related photos, announcements, links to papers/presentations or information about events on our page.

Founded in 2004 by Spanish professors Tamari Jenkins and Krishauna Hines-Gaither. Since then there have been up to 80 members/supporters and dozens of students have been awarded scholarships. In 2012 the founders made the decision to transition the organization to a network. Members/network friends can come together to gain information, share research and collaborate on projects. This facebook page will serve as a forum where African Americans who are working/studying in the field of foreign languages will feel less isolation and a part of community that shares in this mission.

Diversity/Alternative Instruction

Language Acquisition/Learning; Bilingualism

  • Hadley, A.O (2000). Teaching Language In Context
  • Heining-Boynton, A.L. (2006) 2005-2015 Realizing our vision of languages for all
  • Krashen, S. (1996). Under attack: The case for bilingual education
  • Krashen, S. (1982). Principles & practices in second language acquisition
  • Krashen, S. (1981). Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning
  • McNeil, A. (2004). How to learn a foreign language 
  • Muhammad, J.S. (2003). Global child
  • Phillips & Terry. (1999). Foreign Language Standards: Linking Research, Theories, and Practices
  • Savignon, S. (1997). Communicative Competence: Theory and Classroom Practice

Minorities in World Languages

  • Brigman, S.L., & Jacobs L.C (1981) Participation and success of minority students in university foreign language programs. Modern Language Journal, 65, 371-376

  • Clark, B. (1980). An experiment in ethnicity and foreign languages in a Black college. Foreign Language Annals, 13, 411-414

  • Davis, James. (2000). Reflections on the history & future of foreign language education at historically Black colleges & universities. Reflecting on the Past to Shape the Future. National Textbook Company
  • Davis, James (1992). African American students & foreign language study. Eric Digest (EDO-FL-08-91). Center for applied linguistics. Washington, D.C, (pp. 2)
  • Davis, James. (1991). Student attitudes toward language study at historically and predominantly Black institutions. Foreign Language Annals, Vol 24, 3. (227-237)
  • Davis, James. (1990). Are we failing our students in foreign languages & international studies at HBCUs? Black Issues in Higer Education, Vol 7, 15 (72)
  • Davis, James. (1889). Foreign language study & programs for Afro-Americans: An annotated bibliography. Journal of Negro Education. Vol 58, 4 (558-67) 
  • Guillaume, A.J. (1994). Whose language is it anyway?: Minority participation within our reach. ADFL Bulletin 25,3 (65-68)
  • Hubbard, L. (1980) The minority student in foreign languages. Modern Language Journal, 64, 75-80

  • Huber, Bettina J. (1990). Incorporating minorities into foreign language programs: The challenge of the nineties. ADFL Bulletin 21,2
  • _____(2004). College-bound black students are making inroads in advanced placement tests. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education.

  • Lange, D. (1991). Implications of recent reports on teacher education reform for departments of foreign languages and literatures. ADFL Bulletin 23, 28-34
  • Moore, Z. (2004).African-American students' opinions about foreign language study: An exploratory study of low enrollments at the college level. Foreign Language Annals 31, 2 pgs. 191-200
  • Moore, Z, & English, M. (1998). Successful teaching strategies: Findings from case study of middle school African Americans learning Arabic. Foreign Language Annals, 31, 347-357.

  • Peters, G. (1994). On dilemmas of diversity: Observations on efforts to increase minority participation in German. ADFL Bulletin, 21, 5-11

  • Speiller, J. (1998). Factors that influence high school students’ decisions to continue or discontinue the study of French and Spanish after levels II, III, and IV. Foreign Language Annals, 21, 535-545

  • Turner, J.S. (1992). Foreign language study at black colleges. Humanities. Jan-Feb
  • Wilberschied, L. & Jean-Louis P. D. (1995). Increasing the Number of Minority FL Educators: Local Action to Meet a National Imperative. Modern Language Journal 79 (1-14)
  • National Center for Educational Statistics: HBCUs 1976-2001
  • National Center for Educational Statistics Electronic Catalogue
  • The Black Excel College Newsletter Archive
  • African-American Students and Foreign Language Study
  • University of Northern Iowa: Why study foreign languages?

African Diaspora

  • Aimes, H.H.S (1967) A history of slavery in Cuba 1511-1868. Octagon Books Inc, New York
  • Barton, P.A. (2001). A history of the African-Olmecs: Black civilizations of America from prehistoric times to the present era
  • Beltran, Gonzalo Aguirre (1996). Slave trade in Mexico. Hispanic American Review, August
  • Beltran, Gonzalo Aguirre (1979). Regions of refuge. Society for Applied Anthropology, Washington D.C
  • Beltran, G.A. (1975). "Mexican Society in Transition: The Blacks of Vera Cruz, 1750-1830." Diss. University of Texas at Richmond, D. (2001). The legacy of African slavery in colonial Mexico. Journal of Popular Culture, Fall 2001 v35i2 p1(16)
  • Blassingame. (1979). The slave community
  • Davis, A.Y. (1983). Women, race & class
  • Davis, James. (2003). Afro-Uruguayan Literature: Post-colonial perspectives by Marvin A. Lewis. College Language Association Journal. Vol XLVII, 1 (105-109)
  • Davis, James. (1999). Black writers & Latin America: Cross cultural affinities by Richard Jackson. Black Issues in Higher Education. Feb. 18 (p. 53)
  • Davis, James. (1993). Afro-Hispanic literature: An anthology of Hispanic writers of African Ancestry by Ingrid Watson Miller. Afro-Hispanic Review. Vol 12, Spring  (59-60)
  • Davis, D.J. (1995). Slavery and beyond: The African impact on Latin America and the Caribbean. Juguar Books, Delaware.
  • Fox, A.A, (1998). Latinoamérica: Presente y pasado. Prentice Hall, NJ
  • Harris, J. (1993).  Global dimensions of the african diaspora
  • Jenkins, E. (1996). Pan-African chronology II: A comprehensive reference to the Black quest for freedom in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Asia 1865-1915 (Pan-African Chronology)
  • Klein, H.S. (1986). African slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford.
  • Price, R. (1996). Maroon Societies. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London
  • Tannenbaum, F. (1947). Slave and Citizen: The Negro en the Americas. Knoph, New York
  • Williams, E. (1970). From Columbus to Castro: The history of the Caribbean
  • Wright, M. (2004). Becoming black: Creating identity in the african diaspora



  • Armstrong, T. (1994). Multiple Intelligences in the classroom
  • Cahn, S.M. (1997). Classic & contemporary readings in the philosophy of education
  • Fader, D. (1996). The naked children 
  • Lynchburg College. (1997). Classical selections on great issues: Education: ends & means 
  • Reed & Johnson. (2000). Philosophical documents in education
  • Wallinger. (2002). Teaching in changing times: The courage to lead


  • Davis, A.Y. (1989). Women, culture & politics
  • Davis, A.Y. (1983). Women, race & class
  • Giovanni, N. (2003). Prosaic soul of Nikki Giovanni
  • Guevara, Che. (2003). Che Guevara Reader: Writings on politics & revolution
  • Kliebard, H.M. (2002). Changing course: American curriculum reform in the 20th century 
  • Martinez, D. (1994). Mother Tongue
  • Perkins, M. (2000). Autobiography as activism: Three black women of the sixties
  • Wallinger. (2002). Teaching in changing times: The courage to lead
  • West, C. (1993). Race matters

Sheer Pleasure Reads

Allende, I. (1982). House of spirits

Codell, E.R. (2001). Educating Esme: Diary of a teacher's first year

Esquivel,L. (1994). Like water for chocolate

García-Márquez,G. (2004). One hundred years of solitude (Oprah's book club)

Giovanni, N. (2003). Prosaic soul of Nikki Giovanni

Tafolla, C. (2001). Sonnets & salsa


Members Area